Diabetes is one of the most common age-related ailments. Diabetes normally occurs when the body doesn’t produce insulin or the produced insulin has a reduced effect on body. It has been found that around 25% of South Asian adults suffer from diabetes and its complications cause blindness in adults.
Moreover, the eye-number keeps fluctuating depending on the sugar-level; diabetic patients need to be careful in maintaining their sugar-levels so as to avoid any complications arising from it.
If you are a diabetic, you must know the following.
The three major eye problems that people with diabetes can develop are cataract, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy.
The very commonly seen eye problem is cataract. Although cataract is also common in people without diabetes, diabetic people are more prone to have cataract. Just like a camera lens, the lens of our eyes allows us to see and focus on an image. Cataract is the clouding or fogging of the normally clear lens of the eye which hinders in a normal clear vision.
The symptoms of cataracts are cloudy, blurred and unclear vision.
The only solution to this is to undergo a cataract surgery, where the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with a clear lens.
Glaucoma is another frequently seen eye problem among people suffering from diabetes. It is caused when the fluid inside the eye does not flow out properly resulting in building up of pressure within the eye. This pressure damages the nerves and vessels in the eye causing problems in vision.
The treatment for this condition includes applying eye drops, the intake of medicines or laser surgery.
Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the leading causes of permanent blindness among diabetic people. In this condition, the eye problems are caused due to the damage of small vessels of retina. This condition depends on the duration of diabetes, the longer you have diabetes the greater the risk. Hence it becomes very important to diagnose this eye problem at an early stage, if not; it can lead to permanent blindness.
The main symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy are appearance of black spots in vision, blurred vision, flashes of light and so on. Keeping the blood pressure and blood sugar level under control can reduce the possibility of Diabetic Retinopathy.
The treatment of diabetes retinopathy involves laser procedures or surgery.
Digital Fundus camera technology is the effective technique that helps in analysing the health condition of eyes depending on which, further treatments and precautionary measures can be suggested to the patients.